Pregnancy In Cats

Austell pet parents might wonder about ways to tell if their cat is pregnant, and what to do if she is. Today our team shares more about how to tell if your cat is going to have kittens, and how to plan and prepare.

Cats And Pregnancy

If your kitten is unspayed, she can go into heat and become pregnant as young as 4 months old, which can be dangerous for the young queen (the term for a pregnant cat) and the kittens alike! Leaving your kitten or cat unspayed and unsupervised or living with intact (unneutered) male cats means that she can become pregnant without you knowing.

If you do not wish your cat to have litters of kittens, our vet team strongly recommends having your pet spayed. This prevents unwanted litters of kittens, and can also help to prevent serious health conditions in your cat.

Pregnancy Timeline In Cats

As mentioned above, kittens can get pregnant as young as 4 months old. Unspayed female cats can go into heat as often as every 2 - 3 weeks between springtime and autumn, which means that they can get pregnant and give birth to litters of kittens rapidly, and they can start having litters as young as 6 months old themselves.

Cats are usually pregnant for about 2 months (63–65 days), but further diagnosis (e.g. an examination from a veterinarian) may be needed to determine how far along she is, how many kittens she is carrying, and identify any potential health risks or problems.

How To Tell If Your Cat Is Pregnant

  • If your cat tolerates it, gently palpating her belly can sometimes be helpful (but isn't always accurate!)
  • The cat's belly will grow bigger and rounder about a month after mating, and the nipples will also become darker and redder
  • Fatigue (should pass after a few weeks)
  • A sudden increase in appetite, especially when combined with the above signs
  • Although unusual, some cats experience 'morning sickness' like human parents do (nausea, lack of appetite)

For a more accurate glimpse at the status of your cat's pregnancy, your veterinarian has access to a number of diagnostic methods and tools. They can use ultrasound to confirm the presence of kittens 16 days into gestation, though it cannot determine how many kittens your cat is carrying; X-rays can give an idea of the number of kittens, but isn't always accurate and isn't safe for the unborn kittens until 42 days into gestation at the earliest. Ideally, X-rays aren't taken of pregnant cats until they have passed the 55th day of pregnancy.

Preparing for Your Cat's Pregnancy And Kittens

Like many other species, your pregnant cat will likely need extra food to maintain her health and strength until she gives birth, which means more access to healthy calories. Expect your cat to eat about 1.5 times as much as they usually would, especially nearer to when your vet has determined she may give birth. It's also likely that your vet will recommend you provide your cat with kitten food or food formulated for pregnant and lactating cats, both during the pregnancy itself and while they are feeding their kittens.

Like newborn babies, new kittens are vulnerable to viruses and conditions that can spread from the mother, so it's important to keep your cat's vaccinations up to date. Check with your vet to see if scheduled vaccines or other preventive medicines are safe for your pregnant cat.

Getting Ready For The 'Big Day'

Although the following are useful tips for making your home a comfortable and inviting place for your cat with have her kittens - cats will ultimately do what they want. If your cat decides to give birth in your bathtub, under your bed, or in your laundry basket, being ready to support the new mother and her tiny kittens is going to come in handy.

If your cat is indoor/outdoor, keep her indoors closer to her due date to ensure that she doesn't go into labor somewhere unsafe where you can't find her.

About 2 weeks before the kittens are due, your cat's behavior might change into 'nesting mode'; you can help by finding cozy areas around the house that could be a good birthing spot for your cat. The selected areas should be quiet, dry, and clean. You can place a medium- to medium-large box with walls low enough to contain the new kittens and allow you to observe your cat and kittens without disturbing them too much during their first days. To make the box or nesting area cozy, 'furnish' it with newspapers, old towels, and soft blankets to create a relaxing area for the mother and kittens.

You should place the nesting box in a quiet corner of your house. Let your pregnant cat visit it often, before the birth, so they get used to the area and feel comfortable.

For more experienced cat owners, some more hints that their cat may be getting ready to go into labor includes the queen going off food about 24 hours before and her temperature dropping under 100ºF. Get ready to greet some tiny bundles of joy, and our Austell vet team can't wait to see them for their very first check-ups!

Note: The advice provided in this post is intended for informational purposes and does not constitute medical advice regarding pets. For an accurate diagnosis of your pet's condition, please make an appointment with your vet.

If you have a pregnant cat at home, get in touch with our Austell vets for advice and to book appointments for mama and her newborn kittens. We can't wait to help you care for your tiny bundles of furry joy!